A Complete Review On Computer Motherboard You Should Know

Why the Motherboard in a computer system! Many have been hearing about the computer system and it generation but don’t know the secret on how things in the computer works.

Been familiarized with the computer system and its generation is not just knowing how to operate it but one needs to have core ideals on how things in the computer system work which the Motherboard plays a great role in this.

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In this article, we’re going to show you the entire hidden secret on the information you should know about the computer Motherboard from the components that make up the mainboard, to the integration of the input/output ports, card slots, and sockets, alongside all the way up to the packaging and distribution of motherboards.

So, let’s get started as soon as possible.

About the Computer Motherboard

Picture Showing Computer Mainboard

The motherboard is the main circuit board of a computer system, known to be the printed circuit board and foundation of a computer system, it is said to be the biggest board in a computer chassis (system unity). Motherboard is also known as the mainboard or logic board on Apple computers.

When you open your computer system, the biggest piece of silicon that you see inside is known to be the motherboard.

Attached to the motherboard, you’ll find the CPU, ROM, expansion slots, memory, RAM, PCI slots, USB ports, and all other computer hardware components that enhance the motherboard to allocate power and allows communication to and between the computer hardware components.

Other names used to represent the computer motherboard are the mainboard, system board, mboard, mobo, backplane board, mobd, baseboard, main circuit board, MB, planar board, or a logic board for Apple computers.

Names of Computer Motherboard

Why the Tracks Line in a Motherboard

The line you see in the motherboard are known as TRACKs, these are embedded copper tracks that are responsible for linking up the various parts (components) of the computer motherboard and allow communication to take place between them.

Types of Motherboard

The computer motherboards come in different sizes, this is usually known as form factors. Following the advancement of computers, so have applied to the motherboards also.

The most common motherboard form factor types are ATX. The different types of ATX motherboards are known as micro-ATX (sometimes shown as µATX, mini-ATX, FlexATX, EATX, WATX, full-ATX, nano-ATX, pico-ATX, and mobileATX).

Other types apart from ATX series

  • AT
  • Baby AT
  • BTX
  • DTX
  • LPX
  • Full AT
  • NLX
  • WTX (for those computers with multiple processors and more drives, normally at Workstation Technology environment).

Motherboard function

The motherboard has series of functions which makes it the mainboard of the computer system. The motherboard is known to be a single platform to connect all of the parts (hardware’s) of a computer system together.

It connects the CPU, memory, sound card, hard drives, optical drives, video card, and other ports and expansion cards directly or via cables. Consider the motherboard to be the central backbone of a computer system on which every other part is installed.

The function of motherboard in times of power distribution, it responsible for distributing power to the various components of the computer when generate from the power pack. It is also used in the coordination of the various devices in the computer and still maintains an interface among them.

Motherboard Components

Knowing the important role motherboard plays in computer, the following are components you can find been connected to the mainboard of computer system.

  • Mouse
  • Keyboard
  • USB
  • Parallel port
  • CPU Chip
  • RAM slots
  • Floppy controller
  • IDE controller
  • PCI slot
  • ISA slot
  • CMOS Battery
  • AGP slot
  • CPU slot
  • Power supply plug in
  • Capacitors, resistors, and VRMs, which manage the electrical current.

Parts of a Motherboard

The motherboard has different parts that make up its components. They are as follows:

  • BIOS And CMOS
  • Input/Output Ports
  • IDE and SATA Connector (Storage Device Connectors)
  • Power Connectors
  • Front I/O Connectors
  • CPU Socket
  • Expansion Card Slot
  • Video Card Slot
  • Network Card Slot
  • Modem Card Slot
  • Audio Card Slot
  • RAM (Memory) Slots
  • M.2 Slot
  • ROM Chip
  • VRMs (Voltage Regulator Module)

Motherboard price

The price of a motherboard depends on their brand, model, size, type, power capacity. From our finding, the price of computer mainboard can go as low as N4,000 to N100,000 for desktop computers and N15,000 to 200,000 for laptops.

Features of Motherboard

A motherboard comes with following features:

  • The motherboard varies greatly in supporting various types of components.
  • Mainboard of a computer system supports a single type of CPU and few types of memories.
  • The Video cards, hard disks, sound cards have to be compatible with the computer motherboard to function properly.
  • The motherboards, cases, and power supplies must be compatible to work properly all together.

Popular Manufacturers for Computer Mainboard

Following are the popular manufacturers of the computer motherboard.

  • Biostar
  • Gigabyte
  • AOpen
  • ABIT
  • MSI
  • Intel
  • ASUS

Conclusion

We’ve come to the end of what motherboard is all about and the additional information you need to know about the computer printed circuit board (PCB) that connect and transmits signals to and from peripherals like keyboard, mouse, and monitor etc.

If there are any questions you’ve regarding this topic, please be free to contact us or use the comment box below and we will get back to you ASAP. Thanks.

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