This guide teaches you the step by step process how to go about solar panel installation. The solar power supply is one of the sources of drawing electricity into the home, office, industries and business place so as to power their gadgets, appliances, tools and equipment. A lot of homes and offices are using solar energy because of the less noisy features that it has.
Though it might come at a much higher price than other sources of the power supply but it is worth the use. If you are looking at installing the solar panel anywhere you want, then you will learn and get educated with all of that from this piece about the solar panel installation process.
Solar System Components
The solar systems comprised of the solar panels which are also known as the modules or photovoltaic systems- this component use semiconductor technology to convert energy from sunlight into electricity which can power a household for free.
In the other hand is the mounting system and a solar inverter (this is components convert the generated electricity into AC, which will enable it to be used in the household) that has computerized controller.
The Solar Panel Installation Process
A lot of people make use of the roof as the commonest location for the installation of the solar PV panels. The roofs tend to have the needed specifications for the installation which will aid panels in getting the maximum sunlight.
But if the installation on the roof is not preferred or desired then the solar panels can be mounted on the ground using its mount. The one thing that should be done is to be certain that no objects are blocking access to the sunlight.
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Materials Needed For Solar Panel Installation Process
Solar Panel Mount: This is for support of the base of the solar panels. These mounts will be drilled into the roof’s rafters, not necessarily because the panels are heavy but building codes call for protection from upforce.
Solar Panels: These are the PV panels that convert light from sun to electricity which will be used to power electrical loads/appliances. Solar panels function by allowing particles of light to knock electrons free from atoms that generate a flow of electricity. Solar panels are in 3 forms –polycrystalline, Monocrystalline and thin-film.
Mc4 Connectors: These are single contact electrical connectors that are used in connecting solar panels. The MC in MC4 means manufacturer multi-contact while the 4 stands for the 4mm diameter contact pin.
Solar Inverter: This can be described as a type of electrical converter which aid in converting the variable direct current output of a photovoltaic solar panel into a utility frequency alternating current. This current can be used into a commercial grid.
Solar Battery: Solar battery is the device that will help convert solar radiation into electricity. It also helps in reserving energy for later use which was charged by a connected solar system. The stored electricity will be used up after the sun goes down or during a power outage and at peak energy-demanding period.
Generation Meter: This is the meter that installer will install in the solar panel system. It will record all the units that are generated by renewable system. The reading here will be by default.
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The Process Of Solar Panel Installation
The following above listed material can be used with the following process to install solar panel on the roof or ground.
Step 1: The setting up of the scaffolding
To ensure safety while you are in the process of installing the solar panel, you need to first erect scaffolding especially when you are on top of the roof so as to enhance your safety measure.
Step 2: Install the solar panel mounts
The second step to take will be setting up the mounting system. This system will help in supporting the base of the solar panels. This mounting structure needs to be tilted and directed at an angle which will be between 18-36 degrees so that maximum sunlight exposure can be achieved.
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Step 3: Installing the solar panels
Next thing is to mount the solar panel system. The solar panel needs to be installed on the mounting structure. When installing the solar panels make sure to tighten up all the nuts and bolts, all of this will help tightened everywhere and make them stable.
Step 4: Wiring of the solar panels
The step process here will be the installing the electrical wiring. With solar panels wiring, MC4 connectors are used. MC4 connectors are known to be suited for all types of solar panels. Be sure to shut off the household’s electricity supply when you are doing the wiring installation.
Step 5: Installing solar inverter
The next process of installing solar panel is to install the solar inverter. The solar inverter needs to be connected to the system. It is always installed near the main panel and this can be done both ways either outdoors or indoors.
The truth is that inverters remain effective and efficient when stored in a cooler place. If the inverter is placed outdoor, then remember to keep it out from the afternoon sun. The best places to install inverter are the utility or garage, indoors or room. These places are always very cool throughout the year and also have ventilation.
Step 6: Bind up the solar battery and solar inverter
This process is about you binding solar inverter and solar battery. The solar battery storage can save one from lack of usable energy during cloudy times.
Step 7: The connection of inverter to the consumer unit
To generate electricity, the inverter must be connected to the consumer unit. Thereafter, a generation meter will be connected too, to the monitor so show the amount of electricity the solar panels are producing.
This can help one to check how much electricity you generate at different times. This will help one to schedule time suitable time enough to use for gadgets.
Step 8: Kick-start and test solar panels
This is the last step of installing solar panel; this last step is about switching the power ON and OFF, testing the installation out. After this testing, the solar panel installation process is completed and can be ready for use.
The process of installing solar panels is a simple one but need a bit of technical understanding. When once you have the needed materials having the solar panel installed will be very easy. All you need to do is just follow this simple guide and have your solar panel installed.